March is world TB Awareness.  (See our TB Management Tool on the PRODUCTS page)

TB and HIV are often called “the terrible twins”.  Why?


HIV destroys a person’s immune system and generally TB needs a weakened immune system to become active.

What are the differences between TB and HIV?

  • HIV is not curable, whereas TB can be;
  • HIV is not airborne, TB is airborne;
  • HIV is a virus; TB is a bacteria;
  • HIV weakens the immune system; TB needs a weakened immune system to flourish;
  • Once TB treatment is completed, it is stopped; ARV’s are for the rest of one’s life;

What are the similarities between TB and HIV?

  • HIV weakens the immune system – TB also weakens the immune system;
  • Both diseases need healthy nutrition and hygienic conditions;
  • HIV virus can become drug resistant – TB can also become drug resistant;